Sale!

Tiletamine (Telazol)

$190.00$2,650.00

Clear

Description

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription NMDA antagonist benzodiazepine tranquilizer 

Tiletamine zolazepam is an NMDA antagonist benzodiazepine tranquilizer combination of equal amounts with the dose based upon the combined weight of both drugs. Tiletamine is more potent and has a longer duration of action compared to ketamine. Tiletamine zolazepam is used as an alternative to ketamine combinations (ketamine+opioid, benzodiazepine, or alpha2-agonist) to produce immobilization, sedation, or surgical anesthesia for minor to moderate procedures. Depending upon the dose and species, tiletamine zolazepam may be associated with prolonged recoveries. Ocular, laryngeal, pharyngeal, and pedal reflexes remain intact. Side effects associated with tiletamine zolazepam include dose-dependent decrease in cardiac output and hypotension. Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription

In rabbits, tiletamine zolazepam has been associated with renal toxicity when used at surgical anesthetic doses (Brammer et al., 1991). Renal toxicity was linked to the tiletamine component. When used at lower doses in combination with xylazine, tiletamine zolazepam produced mean surgical anesthesia duration of 72 minutes versus 35 minutes for xylazine ketamine with no nephrotoxicity observed (Doerning et al., 1992). In guinea pigs, tiletamine zolazepam doses up to 50 mg/kg produced short-term immobilization, but inadequate surgical anesthesia (Radde et al., 1996). In hamsters, anesthesia but not analgesia was achieved at doses of 50–80 mg/kg (Silverman et al., 1983Tiletamine/Zolazepam

Tiletamine/zolazepam (Telazol™) has been used as an anesthetic for rats. A mixture of tiletamine and zolazepam, it is presented as a powder for reconstitution. Used alone, at doses of 20 to 40 mg/kg, Telazol™ produces 30 to 60 minutes of surgical anesthesia, but corneal, pedal and swallowing reflexes are retained, so the assessment of anesthetic depth is difficult. The addition of xylazine greatly improves the analgesia produced, but results in marked cardiovascular depression, and the addition of butorphanol also increases analgesia but at the cost of variable respiratory depression (Ward et al., 1974; Silverman et al., 1983; Wilson et al., 1993). Given the cost of Telazol™, its relatively short shelf life following reconstitution, and questionable analgesia there seems little reason to use it in preference to the ketamine mixtures described above.

Anesthesia of the cat

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription

Tiletamine Zolazepam (Telazol ) NMDA antagonist benzodiazepine
In Veterinary Anaesthesia (Eleventh Edition), 2014

Tiletamine
The combination of tiletamine with zolazepam (Telazol® or Zoletil®) is frequently used to produce heavy sedation or anaesthesia in cats. Administration of tiletamine–zolazepam, 4.0–4.4 mg/kg, IM with an opioid will induce a light plane of anaesthesia sufficient for intubation in most cats. Onset of anaesthesia is rapid. Because the duration of anaesthetic effect is extended, in contrast to induction of anaesthesia with thiopental or propofol, initially the vaporizer is not turned on or set at a very low % to avoid overdose. As the effect of tiletamine wanes and signs of a lightening plane of anaesthesia are observed, administration of the inhalation agent can be started or increased. Hypotension is an indication to decrease the vaporizer setting.

Hyperthermia develops in cats after opioid administration but also may occur after tiletamine–zolazepam-inhalation anaesthesia, with rectal temperatures up to 41°C (106°F). The cats exhibit typical dissociative recovery activity with restless jerky movements about the cage and head bobbing. Treatment to decrease their body temperatures may include administration of a sedative, such as acepromazine, 0.05 mg/kg, IM where appropriate and application of a draft of cold air from a fan, ice packs, or a pad for the cat to lie on that circulates iced water.

Higher dose rates for tiletamine–zolazepam are licensed in the cat, up to 10 mg/kg IM for minor procedures and 15 mg/kg IM for surgical procedures. Tiletamine–zolazepam may be incorporated into an injectable anaesthetic protocol with ketamine and xylazine (TKX) that has been described earlier in the section on feral cats. Tiletamine–zolazepam is contraindicated for use in animals with pancreatitis. Recovery from anaesthesia will be excessively prolonged when tiletamine–zolazepam is administered to cats with renal disease or urethral obstruction. Postanaesthetic pulmonary oedema has been reported.

Read full chapter

Anesthesia of the pig

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription
In Veterinary Anaesthesia (Eleventh Edition), 2014

Dissociative agents
Ketamine and tiletamine (in combination with zolazepam) can be used to provide sedation. Ketamine, 2–10 mg/kg IM, combined with acepromazine, or azaperone, or medetomidine, or midazolam may be used to induce relaxation and sedation.

Tiletamine–zolazepam is available as a commercial preparation containing equal parts of each drug and is usually prepared to achieve 500 mg of total drug per ml. Zolazepam is similar to diazepam and is included to provide muscle relaxation. Following IM injection in pigs, the highest plasma concentrations of tiletamine and zolazepam occur within 60 minutes, however, zolazepam is more slowly eliminated than tiletamine (Kumar et al., 2006). Tiletamine–zolazepam, 2–5 mg/kg IM, can be used alone to induce sedation or be combined with xylazine or butorphanol. Recovery can be slow and lethargy and incoordination may persist for several hours.

Read full chapter

Anesthesia of cattle

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription
In Veterinary Anaesthesia (Eleventh Edition), 2014

Tiletamine–zolazepam
The combination of tiletamine–zolazepam (Telazol or Zolatil), 4 mg/kg, and xylazine, 0.1 mg/kg, injected IM in sequence produced anaesthesia within minutes in calves (Thurmon et al., 1989). Analgesia lasted on average 70 min and the calves were able to walk in 130 ± 18 min from the time of the last injection. When higher doses of xylazine were used in another group of calves some became apnoeic. Although not measured in this study, clinical experience has been that calves anaesthetized with tiletamine–zolazepam become hypoxic when placed in dorsal recumbency.

Injection of a combination of detomidine–ketamine–tiletamine–zolazepam (DKTZ) into experimental 8-month-old calves weighing on average 218 kg was evaluated at three dose rates using a pin-prick in the perineal region and an electrical stimulus to the tail base (Re et al., 2011). The drugs were combined by adding 40 mg detomidine and 500 mg ketamine to a vial of lyophilized tiletamine–zolazepam to produce a final solution of 9 mL containing 4.4 mg/mL of detomidine and 55.5 mg/mL of each ketamine and tiletamine–zolazepam, and administered IM at 1.0, 1.3, or 1.5 mL/100 kg. The depression of responses to noxious stimuli were dose dependent with maximum effect between 10 and 20 minutes after administration and a longer duration of depression at the medium (35 minutes) and high dose (55 minutes) rates. Heart rates decreased non-significantly, MAP significantly increased, and respiratory rates remained high. Severe hypoventilation and hypoxaemia were measured by blood gas analysis at 10 minutes after administration with an improvement in some animals noted at the next measurement time of 40 minutes. Recumbency lasted 1 hour after the low dose and 2 hours with the higher dose rates. The authors concluded that DKTZ was effective for immobilization and for minor surgical procedures, with or without local analgesia. Oxygen supplementation should be available.

Read full chapter

Intravenous Anesthetic Drugs
William W. Muir, in Equine Anesthesia (Second Edition), 2009

Applied Pharmacology
Ketamine and tiletamine/zolazepam should never be administered alone to produce anesthesia in horses but can be used alone to supplement anesthesia. They produce dose-dependent pharmacological effects that are comparatively less depressant than reported for barbiturates or other hypnotics. Clinical doses do not seriously impair ventilation, although there is a tendency for some horses to develop an apneustic (breath-holding) pattern of breathing and reduced minute volume.10 Arterial PaCO2 remains within normal limits, whereas PaO2 generally decreases. The influence of position (recumbency) and the development of ventilation-perfusion mismatching on blood gas values are likely of more importance. Pharyngeal and laryngeal reflexes remain active after ketamine administration, and the nasal or oral placement of an endotracheal tube is more difficult than with thiopental anesthesia. Airway resistance is decreased in humans and should be in horses. Assisted or controlled ventilation may be difficult to accomplish in some horses because of poor muscle relaxation and a tendency to “buck” (breathe against) the ventilator during the inspiratory phase. Heart rate, cardiac output, arterial blood pressure, and body temperature may increase after intravenous ketamine or Telazol administration because of increases in CNS sympathetic activation.42 Circulating concentrations of norepinephrine and epinephrine increase in horses after ketamine administration. Peripheral vascular resistance does not change or increases, which, taken together with increases in heart rate, results in marked increases in myocardial oxygen consumption.Buy Tiletamine–zolazepam online without prescription

Ketamine can cause direct depression of the myocardium, although clinical doses rarely produce this effect and generally increase heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and cardiac output.33 Occasionally horses develop sinus heart rates in excess of 60 beats/min, second-degree atrioventricular block, and periodic ventricular depolarizations after intravenous ketamine. Cerebral blood flow, metabolic rate, and intracranial pressure are increased by dissociative anesthetics, contraindicating their use in horses with head trauma or undiagnosed CNS disease. The intravenous use of ketamine in otherwise normal horses requiring a myelogram is uneventful.10 Lacrimation and ocular and palpebral reflexes are more pronounced in horses administered dissociative anesthetics, although corneal analgesia may be profound, necessitating the use of corneal lubricants to prevent drying. Intraocular pressure may increase but is generally of minimal clinical relevance.43 Ketamine rapidly crosses the placenta and can produce CNS effects and respiratory depression in the newborn foal.

Read full chapter

Anesthesia of the dog

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription
In Veterinary Anaesthesia (Eleventh Edition), 2014

Tiletamine–zolazepam
Tiletamine is available in a premixed combination with zolazepam, a benzodiazepine, under the trade names of Telazol and Zoletil. The drug preparation consists of 500 mg of lyophilized tiletamine–zolazepam (250 mg of tiletamine and 250 mg of zolazepam) that is reconstituted with sterile water. The doses reported are the sum of tiletamine and zolazepam doses so that 4 mg/kg of Telazol is equivalent to 2 mg/kg of tiletamine and 2 mg/kg of zolazepam. Tiletamine–zolazepam, 4 mg/kg, IM with an anticholinergic provides effective sedation for aggressive or dangerous dogs. Sedation is profound but ranges from the dog being just capable of walking to the dog that is almost unconscious and ready for tracheal intubation. Onset of sedation may be within minutes or up to 10 minutes. The dog should be kept under observation after injection in case immediate care is needed to treat apnoea or to move a dog that has assumed a position causing upper airway obstruction. An alternative technique is to provide premedication with other drugs and to use lower doses of tiletamine–zolazepam IV to achieve tracheal intubation prior to inhalation anaesthesia. Restlessness may be observed during recovery due to slow metabolism of tiletamine and the dog may be calmed by administration of diazepam.

Administration of tiletamine–zolazepam results in a dose-dependent duration of anaesthesia, with 6.6 mg/kg IV resulting in an average of 17.5 minutes to arousal and 62.3 minutes to sternal recumbency (Hellyer et al., 1989). A bolus injection IV results in transient decreased myocardial contractility and hypotension at 1 minute followed by increases in HR, MAP, and CO.

Buy Tiletamine zolazepam online without prescription

Tiletamine Zolazepam (Telazol) NMDA antagonist–benzodiazepine

 

Additional information

Quantity

10 Vials, 20 Vials, 30 Vials, 60 Vials, 90 Vials, 120 Vials, 360 Vials

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Tiletamine (Telazol)”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *